Methods in Treatment of cancer

The tissues of our body are made up of cells that regularly divide – it is just necessary to replace those that are damaged or aged. Sometimes in the process of cell division, various errors can occur that our body monitors and corrects.
However, protection does not always work, and then the surviving defective cell divides, they become more and more, they acquire new mutations and there comes a time when the balance can shift – the cell will change so much that it will become an enemy of the body. This is called Cancer!
In this article, we will discuss different treatment options for the effective treatment of cancer.
Surgical intervention
A surgeon removes the tumor, in the hope that the cancer cells are localized so far only in one place. However, modern science cannot yet guarantee the absence of metastases. Most often, surgery is an integral part of complex treatment.
Chemotherapy
Treatment directed against the rapid division of cells and contributing to their weakening by toxic drugs. Alas, the therapy affects both cancer cells and healthy ones. Unfortunately, a more benign alternative to this method of treatment has not yet been invented, but doctors qualitatively select the dosage of drugs and explain how to minimize side effects.
Radiation therapy
Tumor irradiation, or radiotherapy, is currently the safest way to treat oncology. High-energy radiation adversely affects the cell’s DNA, destroying it, and the cancer cell is unable to actively divide and grow after irradiation. In healthy cells, the possibility of regeneration is much higher than in cancer cells, so radiation therapy is much more destructive for aggressor cells.
Unfortunately, none of the methods provides a guarantee of a complete cure. Single mutant cells can survive, and against the background of reduced immunity again give a powerful relapse. But in the last 10-15 years, new types of anticancer therapy have been developing at an incredible pace. Modern biotechnologies have come to world medicine, thanks to which the pathological process can be influenced at the level of genes and molecules. This opens up unprecedented opportunities for doctors and patients: instead of mass therapy, patients received a chance for personalized treatment.
Every year radiation therapy is becoming more accurate and safer, the list for its use is constantly expanding. The equipment is being improved, new methods are emerging, which allow to increase the radiation dose without harming the patient’s body and deliver it to the tumor with sub-millimeter accuracy. When using modern equipment, the number of post-radiation complications is minimized.
For example, proton therapy minimizes side effects, such as coming (nausea, vomiting, fatigue), and remote (loss of hearing, vision, internal bleeding, and so on). The fact is that protons infect a tumor without affecting normal cells outside of it. If photons are a fraction, then protons are a bullet. Killing malignant cells, protons practically do not irradiate the nearest organs and tissues.
The first shock a person experiences when he hears the diagnosis: oncology. The second is when one starts thinking about the treatment process. Nausea, vomiting, headaches, hair loss. Movies and stories of other patients paint not the most pleasant picture. Although scientists are developing ever more advanced anticancer drugs, the treatment is still difficult. As the doctors say, this is the body’s defensive reaction to aggressive antitumor therapy. Quite to do without side effects while, alas, is impossible.
The effectiveness of cancer treatment today is quite high, but patients inevitably face infectious complications, they are often nausea and vomiting against the background of the treatment. This not only worsens the quality of life of cancer patients but also makes it difficult to carry out a full-fledged treatment. We believe that concomitant therapy, which facilitates tolerability of the main treatment, is extremely important both for the patient and for his doctor.
This idea formed the basis for creating in the hospital its own cancer center. Here you can undergo a comprehensive diagnosis, be examined, have surgery. If desired, patients can take part in clinical studies – to undergo therapy with a new generation of drugs. But most importantly: even after the end of treatment, the person does not remain without attention. He goes under the supervision of a multidisciplinary team of doctors, which will monitor the patient’s well-being for the next five years.
How does it work in practice? The main attending physician is an oncologist. It defines the observation program. However, the patient has access to other necessary during oncodiagnosis specialists as an outpatient service, and hospital. A nutritionist, for example, after chemoradiation therapy is required by almost everyone. Many patients need counseling from a psychologist. It is no secret that after chemotherapy often there are disturbances in the work of the digestive system, possible damage to the central and peripheral nervous system. In this case, a gastroenterologist and a neurologist will help.

Updated: March 17, 2019 — 9:44 am

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